The heart is a crucial organ that circulates blood to the body's numerous organs. Through blood tubes known as the coronary arteries, the heart receives blood that is oxygen-rich. If these blood channels are obstructed, the heart muscle loses its blood supply and passes away. It's known as a heart attack. The degree of cardiac muscle damage determines how deadly a heart attack is. The heart's ability to pump blood may be negatively impacted by the dead muscle, which could develop in congestive heart failure, a condition that causes shortness of breath and foot sweating.
How does it happen?
As we age, cholesterol builds up in the coronary arteries and other blood vessels throughout the body, gradually obstructing blood flow. Atherosclerosis is the medical term for this slow narrowing.
Men are more likely than women to experience a heart attack. Oestrogen and progesterone, the female sex hormones, may have a protective effect on women. This shielding effect lasts at least until menopause.
The risk elements consist of:
elevated blood pressure
Low HDL readings compared to good cholesterol and high cholesterol
absence of exercise
a history of heart attacks in the family
Chronic tension, rage, and anxiety
What signs are present?
The symptoms could be challenging to spot and could look like those of other illnesses. Usually, there is stiffness and chest pain that makes breathing difficult. Other symptoms could include sweating, nausea, and feeling lightheaded. The pain may be behind the breastbone or at the front of the chest. It can then travel to the neck or left arm from there. Other symptoms, such as nausea, nervousness, coughing, palpitations, and discomfort, typically continue longer than 20 minutes. In severe circumstances, the patient could seem pale as a result of a blood pressure drop that quickly results in death.
How is it identified?
The doctor notes the blood pressure, listens to the heartbeat, and obtains a detailed medical history. The heart's electrical activity is recorded by an electrocardiogram, or ECG. An ECG can tell you how quickly your heart is beating, whether it has any irregular rhythms, and even if any parts of your heart muscle have been injured by a heart attack. It's crucial to keep in mind that an early-stage normal ECG does not rule out the likelihood of a heart attack. Blood tests are effective in determining whether the heart muscle has been harmed. Chest X-rays might be taken. An echocardiography is a kind of scan that provides important data.
How should a patient receive first assistance during an attack?
Heart attacks can be treated right away to save lives. The patient must be told to lie down while all tight clothes is being relaxed until professional medical assistance comes. The patient must be provided oxygen if an oxygen cylinder is available. One or two pills of sorbitrate or nitroglycerine may be placed under the tongue if they are available. Additionally, soluble aspirin should be administered.
What is the procedure?
A hospital stay and immediate medical assistance are necessary for heart attacks. The initial seconds and hours are crucial. Medicines might be administered in the early stages to dissolve the coronary artery clot. The heart's rhythm is watched, and any aberrant rhythms are addressed right away. The patient is advised to rest and sleep while being given painkillers. Drugs are administered to reduce the blood pressure if it is high.
The specific course of action is determined by the patient's age, the intensity of the attack, the degree of cardiac damage, and the degree of vessel blockage. Often times, a more thorough procedure may be required to clear the obstruction. This could take the form of coronary angioplasty, balloon-assisted artery dilating surgery, or coronary bypass grafting.
The following precautions must be taken by those with a high risk of heart attacks:
LIFE STYLE CHANGE
They must eat a balanced diet that is low in fat and sodium, high in fiber, and low in simple sugars.
In order to lose weight, persons who are overweight must
Regular physical activity is necessary.
Smoking must end immediately.
To keep their conditions under control, those with diabetes, high blood pressure, or high cholesterol must regularly take medications.
Indians and other Asians seem to have a higher chance of having a heart attack.
Two of the major causes of death worldwide are heart attack and stroke. Hypertension, smoking, obesity, diabetes, high cholesterol, and physical inactivity are risk factors for heart disease. Unfortunately, these risk factors are spreading more widely as a result of modern society's shifting lifestyle preferences. A critical first step in preventing these potentially fatal illnesses is determining your risk of heart attack and stroke. For the purpose of finding any underlying issues that may result in heart disease, routine cardiac exams and screenings are necessary. In this post, we'll talk about the value of routine heart exams and the different diagnostic procedures that can be used to determine your risk of having a heart attack or stroke.
The majority of heart disease cases develop silently, without any noticeable symptoms. Often, people only realize they have a heart problem when they have a heart attack or stroke. By that time, the damage may already be done, and the condition may be irreversible. Therefore, regular heart check-ups and screening can help identify any underlying conditions before they escalate into something serious.
Furthermore, the American Heart Association recommends that adults should undergo heart disease risk assessments every four to six years beginning at the age of 20. Individuals with a family history of heart disease or other risk factors may require more frequent screenings.
What is ECG, Echocardiogram, Thallium Street Test, Cardiac Computed Tomography, Exercise Street Test?
There are several diagnostic tests available to assess the risk of heart attack and stroke. Some of these tests include:
Electrocardiogram (ECG): An ECG is a non-invasive test that measures the electrical activity of the heart. It involves placing electrodes on the chest, arms, and legs, which record the heart's electrical impulses. An ECG can detect irregular heartbeats, heart muscle damage, and other heart problems.
Echocardiogram: An echocardiogram is a non-invasive test that uses sound waves to create a moving image of the heart. It can detect abnormalities in the heart's structure and function, such as valve problems, blood clots, and enlarged heart chambers.
Thallium Street Test: A thallium street test is a nuclear imaging test that evaluates blood flow to the heart muscle. It involves injecting a small amount of radioactive material into the bloodstream and then using a special camera to produce images of the heart. This test can identify areas of the heart that are not receiving enough blood flow.
Cardiac Computed Tomography (CT): A cardiac CT is a non-invasive test that uses X-rays to produce detailed images of the heart and blood vessels. This test can detect blockages in the arteries that can lead to a heart attack or stroke.
Exercise Stress Test: An exercise stress test is a non-invasive test that evaluates how well the heart functions during physical activity. It involves walking on a treadmill or riding a stationary bike while your heart rate, blood pressure, and ECG are monitored. This test can detect abnormalities in the heart's blood flow and electrical activity.
In addition to these tests, doctors may also recommend other diagnostic tests based on an individual's risk factors and medical history.
Any underlying disorders that may cause heart disease can be found with regular heart exams and screenings. The diagnostic procedures indicated above can aid in determining the likelihood of having a heart attack or stroke, and early diagnosis can result in therapy and intervention. The best diagnostic procedures for you will be decided upon after you and your doctor have discussed your risk factors and any worries you may have. Your heart health should be a priority, and routine screenings can assist you in maintaining it.