Abdominal pain and cramps: Stomach pain and cramps are common symptoms of gastroenteritis. They may range from mild discomfort to more severe pain.
Dehydration: Due to diarrhea, vomiting, and reduced fluid intake, dehydration is a potential complication of gastroenteritis. Signs of dehydration include dry mouth, decreased urine output, fatigue, and dizziness.
The duration of gastroenteritis can vary depending on the underlying cause and individual factors. In most cases, symptoms improve within a few days to a week. However, some cases may last longer, especially if caused by certain bacteria or parasites.
Treatment for gastroenteritis focuses on managing symptoms and preventing dehydration. It typically involves:
Hydration: Drinking plenty of fluids, such as water, clear broths, and oral rehydration solutions, to replace lost fluids and electrolytes.
Rest and proper nutrition: Getting adequate rest and gradually reintroducing bland, easy-to-digest foods as tolerated.
Medications: Over-the-counter medications like anti-diarrheals or antiemetics may help alleviate specific symptoms, but they should be used under medical guidance, especially in certain cases like bacterial infections.
In most cases, gastroenteritis resolves on its own with proper self-care and supportive measures. However, it's important to seek medical attention if symptoms worsen, persist for an extended period, or if there are signs of severe dehydration or other complications. A healthcare professional can provide an accurate diagnosis, determine the underlying cause, and recommend appropriate treatment based on individual circumstances.