Stroke is a serious medical condition that requires immediate attention. It occurs when blood flow to the brain is disrupted, leading to the rapid loss of brain function. Recognizing the symptoms and taking prompt action is crucial for improving outcomes and minimizing long-term complications. In this article, we will explore the symptoms of stroke, discuss the assessment process, and delve into the treatment guidelines recommended by experts in India.
Symptoms of Stroke:
Numbness or weakness, especially on one side of the body
Loss of consciousness or altered consciousness
Decreased vision in one or both eyes
Language difficulties, either in speaking or understanding
Difficulty walking; loss of balance or coordination
Confusion or loss of memory
Paralysis of any part of the body, including the face
Sudden, severe headache with no known cause
Nausea and vomiting
Rapid Assessment and Treatment:
When a stroke is suspected, a rapid assessment and intervention are essential.
The following steps are recommended:
CODE Stroke: Activating the stroke team and emergency response protocols.
Blood pressure and Blood Sugar monitoring: Ensuring stable vital signs.
NIHSS (National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale): Assessing the severity of stroke symptoms.
Intravenous lines: Establishing intravenous access for medication administration.
Endovascular treatment with Mechanical thrombectomy: In eligible cases within 4.5 hours to 24 hours of stroke onset, a stent retriever can be used to remove the blood clot causing the stroke.
Stroke Onset Time:
It's important to note that the eligibility for endovascular treatment with mechanical thrombectomy may vary depending on the time since stroke onset. Medical professionals will assess the patient's condition and determine the appropriate course of action.
Recognizing the symptoms of stroke and seeking immediate medical attention can make a significant difference in the outcome of a stroke patient. The guidelines provided by the Indian Council of Medical Research and the Department of Health Research serve as valuable recommendations for healthcare professionals. Remember, this article is for informational purposes only, and individual patient management may vary based on specific conditions. Stay informed, act quickly, and together, we can improve stroke outcomes.
Disclaimer: The information provided in this article is based on expert opinions and available scientific evidence. Please refer to the official website (stw.icmr.org.in) of the Indian Council of Medical Research and the Department of Health Research, Ministry of Health & Family Welfare, Government of India for more detailed information and guidelines.