What is bypass surgery?
Coronary Artery Bypass Graft (CABG), sometimes referred to as heart bypass surgery, is a surgical treatment performed to treat coronary heart disease (CHD). When the coronary arteries, which carry oxygen-rich blood to your heart muscle, constrict down as a result of a slow accumulation of fatty material (atheroma) within their walls, coronary artery disease (CHD) develops.
In order to improve blood and oxygen delivery to the heart muscle, the surgery involves redirecting blood (bypassing) around a narrowed section of the artery using a healthy blood vessel (graft) from another body part, typically the chest, leg, or arm.
When do you need bypass surgery?
As previously noted, coronary heart problems are treated through bypass surgery. There are three main coronary arteries in the heart. Over time, fatty deposits that restrict blood flow to the heart and cause CHD can develop inside these arteries. You can experience symptoms including shortness of breath and angina, which is chest pain. Additionally, your risk of a heart attack is higher.
CHD can be treated with medication and a change in lifestyle for some people. Heart bypass surgery is advised if the arteries are badly blocked and you are not a candidate for coronary angioplasty or a stent treatment. The procedure will lessen the signs and symptoms of coronary artery disease as well as the chance of having a heart attack.
Benefits of getting a bypass surgery
The procedure has a number of advantages, including those that are especially beneficial to individuals with severe cardiovascular disease.
It decreases the chance of a heart attack
It gives you quality of life
Reduces fatigue and shortness of breath
It makes easier for one to perform strenuous activities
Relieves chest pain (angina)
Procedure involves in Bypass Surgery?
Below mentioned steps that are followed during a coronary bypass surgery:
The surgery/operation is done under general anesthesia and will last for around three to four hours.
The doctor/surgeon starts by making an incision along the middle of the chest, through the breastbone to reach the heart.
As next step the blood vessels from the arms and/or legs are removed and prepared to act as the new graft.
In case the surgeon is going for an on-pump method, the heart is stopped and the blood is diverted to a heart-lung machine that pumps the blood instead of the heart.
Beating heart surgery, can be performed without stopping the heart.
The prepared grafts are then used to bypass the narrowed areas in the clogged coronary arteries.
The breastbone is securely secured using wires that will stay in place permanently after all of the occluded arteries have been bypassed and the heart has recovered from over-pumping (in the case of on-pump surgery). Where cuts were made to remove blood arteries, sutures are used to close the skin on the chest, leg, or arm.
You will be kept under observation in the intensive care unit (ICU) for one day if everything goes according to the surgical plan, and a further six days in the hospital are advised.
Recovery from bypass surgery
After a bypass, recovery times differ from individual to person. Usually, it takes two to three months after surgery for most patients to fully recover. For those over the age of 80, recovery can take longer; it's typical for it to take six months to a year to fully recover.
The best hospitals in Bangalore typically provide cardiac rehabilitation programmed, which typically start six weeks after you leave the hospital. Cardiovascular rehabilitation helps patients improve their quality of life, reduce hospital stays, and maximize the benefits of their surgery.
In order to secure your long-term health and welfare, it is also vital to make beneficial changes to your lifestyle once you have fully recovered from the surgery. Make careful to keep up with your heart health by scheduling routine checkups if you have any underlying heart conditions.
Cost of bypass surgery
Cost may vary depending on various factors like the hospital you choose for the surgery, health insurance availability, test and procedure like angioplasty, post surgery care etc.
Costs of Bypass Surgery in India
Average cost for bypass and open heart surgery in India for 2023-2024:
The average cost for bypass surgery (coronary artery bypass grafting or CABG) in India can range from ₹1.5 lakh to ₹5 lakh. Open heart surgery, which encompasses a wider range of procedures, can cost anywhere between ₹2 lakh to ₹10 lakh.
Factors Affecting Cost:
Several factors can influence the final cost of your surgery, including:
Type of surgery: Bypass surgery is generally less expensive than other open-heart procedures like valve replacements or repairs.
Severity of the condition: More complex cases requiring longer hospital stays or additional procedures will naturally cost more.
Hospital and surgeon's fees: Costs can vary significantly depending on the hospital's reputation, location, and the surgeon's experience.
Medication and расходные материалы: Medications, anesthesia, and other расходные материалы can add to the overall cost.
Insurance coverage: Many health insurance plans in India offer partial or full coverage for heart surgeries. It's crucial to check your policy details to understand your coverage extent.
Hidden costs: Consider factors like travel, accommodation, and post-operative care, which can add to the overall expense.
City Wise Cost in India (Updated 2024)
In India, the cost for bypass surgery can ranges between INR 120,000 to INR 8,00,000.
Risks And Complications
Bleeding: heart bypass involves manipulating numerous blood vessels. This increases the threat of bleeding throughout the surgical treatment. excessive bleeding can be dealt with with the aid of imparting blood thru transfusion.
contamination: coronary heart pass is an invasive technique which needs a big surgical incision. Open coronary heart surgical procedure involves gaining access to the full intensity of thoracic cavity. those factors provide a excessive scope for infection to broaden infections internally or at the website online of incision.
Antibiotics are prescribed before or after surgical procedure pain: Like infection, pain also can be felt at the web page of incision which may be decreased with pain killers.
Blood clots: Blood clots can block arteries and purpose damage to heart, lungs or different organs. Blood thinners can be used to dissolve these clots.
Embolism: Embolism is a condition in which blood supply to a sure organ is abruptly ceased or reduced because of obstruction of blood go with the flow from the artery offering that organ. studies have revealed that the heart-lung system which is used during bypass surgery has a tendency to dislodge the plaques fashioned within the artery. these plaques comprise of ldl cholesterol or calcium. They travel thru the blood stream and may cause embolism of mind with the aid of blockading its blood deliver. this can purpose reminiscence loss or deficiency of other brain capabilities in long run. choosing off pump coronary artery bypass is understood to lessen the risk of embolism.
coronary heart skip surgical procedure is a lifestyles saving process for plenty people with blocked coronaries. regardless of of the risks associated with it, it is still one of the pleasant strategies to deal with blockages of coronary heart. New strategies and strategies are being developed with which coronary heart skip surgery can give better effects.
Here are some guidelines for patients recovering from heart bypass surgery:
It's advisable to have someone stay with you at home for the first 1–2 weeks post-surgery.
Learn how to check your pulse and perform breathing exercises for 4–6 weeks.
Shower daily, being gentle when washing the incision with soap and water.
Use an English toilet (commode) for the first three months after surgery.
Wear your crepe bandage during the day and remove it at night.
Full healing and improvement may take 4–6 weeks after surgery.
Before undergoing coronary artery bypass surgery, you may need to make lifestyle changes regarding activities, diet, and medications.
The medical term for heart bypass surgery is coronary artery bypass graft (CABG), which involves removing a blood vessel from the chest, arms, or legs.
In India, some popular techniques for bypass surgery include Off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting (OPCAB), minimally invasive techniques (MIDCAB), robotic surgery, and Totally endoscopic coronary artery bypass surgery (TECAB).
Disclaimer : The above rates are for reference purpose only and may vary based on different requirements. To know actual rates, please contact us.