Due to its link to changes in platelet count, dengue fever, a virus spread by mosquitoes, has drawn a lot of attention. While platelet count does contribute significantly to the management of the illness, comprehending dengue fever requires a broader viewpoint. This article explores the symptoms, diagnosis, therapy, prevention, and crucial role of platelets in dengue to provide light on the disease's many facets.
Dengue fever, caused by the dengue virus, is transmitted primarily by the Aedes mosquito. The disease is prevalent in tropical and subtropical regions, making it a global health concern. The virus exists in four serotypes, DEN-1, DEN-2, DEN-3, and DEN-4, all of which can cause dengue fever.
Symptoms and Diagnosis
From moderate to severe, dengue fever symptoms may resemble those of the flu. They frequently involve a high fever, excruciating headache, joint and muscle discomfort, rash, and eye trouble. Remembering that dengue fever is much more than merely a decrease in platelet count is important. The disease's characteristic symptom, "breakbone fever," is the excruciating muscle and joint pain.
Laboratory tests and clinical evaluation are required for dengue diagnosis. A decrease in platelet count is one factor that doctors take into account when making a diagnosis, but they also look at other symptoms, medical history, and lab results. Confirmation of the infection is aided by PCR (polymerase chain reaction) assays for dengue-specific antibodies or virus RNA.
Management and Treatment
There isn't a single antiviral remedy for dengue fever as of yet. The strategy for treating the condition is on symptom relief and avoiding complications. In order to battle the fever and fluid loss, hydration is essential. Acetaminophen and other painkillers are advised to treat fever and pain. Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory medicines (NSAIDs) should be avoided, though, as they may increase the risk of bleeding.
The dengue virus is growing. From your toes to your feet, apply coconut oil. It functions as an antibiotic from dawn until dusk. Mosquitoes that carry dengue cannot fly higher than ankle height!
Keep green cardamom seeds on both sides of the mouth if someone has dengue; be careful and refrain from chewing. The blood particles are kept normal by keeping it in the mouth without chewing, and the platelet count rises right away!
Papaya leaf juice combined with honey has wonderful results. The platelet count has increased from 68,000 to 200,000 in just 24 hours.
In addition, continue to often consume fluids like coconut water, glucose, etc. Keep a tiny cardamom seed close to your mouth at all times.
What Does Platelet Count Mean?
Reduced platelet count is a major sign of dengue illness. Platelet production in the bone marrow is hampered by the virus, which lowers platelet counts. Thrombocytopenia is the name given to this condition. It's crucial to take care of this issue very once to avoid any potential bleeding issues.
Blood clotting and controlling excessive bleeding are both greatly aided by platelets. In severe circumstances, internal bleeding can result from severe thrombocytopenia, as can nosebleeds, gum bleeding, and other bleeding symptoms. Therefore, it is crucial to regularly check the platelet count while suffering from dengue fever.
A group effort involving individuals, communities, and governments is needed to prevent dengue fever. Insect repellents and other mosquito control techniques, such as getting rid of standing water sources, are essential for limiting the Aedes mosquito's population growth. In areas where mosquito bites are endemic, utilizing bed nets, dressing in protective clothing, and maintaining excellent hygiene might lessen exposure.
Differentiating Between Dengue and Other Illnesses
Due to their overlapping symptoms, chikungunya and zika can be difficult to distinguish from dengue. An correct diagnosis requires the experience of a healthcare practitioner. An early and correct diagnosis guarantees proper management and reduces unneeded anxiety.
Beyond Platelet Count
In fact, dengue fever involves more than just changes in platelet count. It's a complicated illness with a range of symptoms and possible side effects. Even though a decline in platelet count is an important part of managing dengue, it's simply one side of the picture. Patients and caregivers are more equipped to make wise decisions and seek prompt medical care when they are aware of the whole scope of the condition, from symptoms through prevention. A holistic viewpoint and comprehension of the disease's multidimensional nature are essential as we fight dengue.
What is the dengue platelet danger level?
The average human has between 150,000 and 250,000 platelets per microliter of blood. A little more than 80% to 90% of dengue patients will have levels under 100,000, and 10% to 20% of patients will have severely low levels of 20,000 or fewer.
What happens if a dengue patient's platelet count is 30000?
Patients at high risk for bleeding who have a platelet count below 20,000/cumm need an immediate platelet transfusion. Patients at intermediate risk who have a platelet count between 21 and 40,000/cumm only need a platelet transfusion if they exhibit any hemorrhagic symptoms or other additional disorders.
What platelet count is considered normal in dengue?
Don't panic if your dengue platelet count drops:
A typical person has between 1,50,000 and 4,50,000 platelets per microliter of blood. Eighty to ninety percent of dengue patients will have levels below one hundred thousand, and ten to twenty percent of patients will have levels as low as 20,000 or below.
How can platelets be increased in dengue?
For the creation of healthy quantities of platelets, iron is essential. Dark chocolate, lentils, oysters, white and kidney beans, tofu, and fortified morning cereals are a few examples of foods that contain it. Folate is folic acid's synthetic counterpart, and both are essential for producing healthy platelets.
Can coconut water boost platelet counts?
In addition to these hot beverages, cool liquids such as coconut water, lemon water, buttermilk or lassi, etc. are helpful to increase the platelet count. Rehydrating and maintaining electrolyte balance, detoxifying the body, and strengthening the immune system are all accomplished by these beverages.
What fruit benefits platelets the most?
The high iron content of pomegranates is what causes your platelet count to increase. You can take pomegranate in addition to foods high in platelets and iron including lentils, raisins, and other green leafy vegetables.
Does papaya raise platelet counts?
Even a concoction created from papaya leaves, in addition to the fruit, is highly helpful in raising the platelet count. Papaya leaf extracts have been identified by researchers at the Asian Institute of Science and Technology in Malaysia to be very successful in raising the platelet counts of dengue fever patients.
World Health Organization (WHO). "Dengue and Severe Dengue." https://www.who.int/news-room/q-a-detail/dengue-and-severe-dengue
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). "Dengue." https://www.cdc.gov/dengue/index.html
Mayo Clinic. "Dengue Fever." https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/dengue-fever/symptoms-causes/syc-20353078